When you work as a full-time employee, you’ll work about 38 hours a week.
You’re entitled to:
- paid annual leave (usually four weeks per year)
- paid sick leave and personal leave
- notice periods
- a safe work environment
Arrangements for overtime will be arranged by your employer.
A part-time worker has regular hours each week, but works fewer hours than a full-time employee. As a part-time employee you’ll be given the same entitlements as a full-time employee (annual leave, sick and personal leave), but will receive these in proportion to the hours you work. Whether you get paid for any overtime you work will be arranged with your individual employer.
Casual workers are employed on an hourly or daily basis. Casual workers may not have regular or guaranteed hours of work. They don’t get paid sick leave or annual leave, but will receive a higher hourly rate to compensate for this.
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics, more than two million Australians are employed casually. However, this number is concerning as it implies that up to a quarter of the workforce are less likely to be involved in training programs, have less job security, and are likely to have poorer career opportunities. For more information about the rights of casual employees see this ACTU fact sheet.
Some employers hire people as contractors and treat them like they are a small business or self-employed. This means that the ‘contractor’ will be responsible for their own superannuation, workers accident insurance and leave. Beware; sometimes this is used unfairly to reduce an employee’s pay and rights.
Labour hire organisations employ people and then hire them out to companies. Employees work under the direction of the company but are actually employed by the labour hire company.
Australian Curriculum Links:
Work Studies/Year 9/Career and life design: Career development and management
Recognise the importance of self-awareness in career and life design.
Work Studies/Year 9/Career and life design: The nature of work
Describe the nature of work in Australia and the implications for current and future work opportunities.
Work Studies/Year 10/Career and life design: The nature of work
Investigate the relationships between work cultures, work arrangements and the individual.
Work Studies/Year 10/Career and life design: Gaining and keeping work
Explain how diverse work arrangements are impacting on the rights and responsibilities of employers and workers